M -----> R (linear) Aristotle’s model of communication The only task that a receiver does here is to receive the message. It is mostly used in mass communication. Click Here. The transmission model of communication describes communication as a one-way, linear process in which a sender encodes a … Some or all messages are transmitted in more than one sense (X3m, for example). Traditionally speaking, there are three standard models of the communication process:  Linear, Interactive, and Transactional, and each offers a slightly different perspective on the communication process. Is that setting a good example for an article on communication? I like the “messy” face to face transactional communication as it is far harder to be misinterpreted. An overview of some communication basics, including three common communication models: Action, Interactive, and Transactional. Models of Communication 2. There is no feedback from the receiver. Like noise, context can have an impact on the successful exchange of information. Here, people can respond to any mass communications like videos, news, etc. The message flows in a straight line from sender to the receiver. They are theories that are necessary to know for communication studies students as they help you understand the key components that make up communication in the 21st Century. Models are pictorial representation of communication … The linear model’s behavior is belied by its name, where a sender encodes a message via a channel and the message is decoded by the receiver. What then is d similarities between transactional mode and linear, that was a very simple and well elaborated explanation.Thanks team, especially on the Transactional mode, it was once confusing but ts all fine now, you have simple grammar and your explaination are clearly understood how i wish you would give and explain more communication models and please send to my email written below .. thank you the website is awesome. There’s a bit of a debate about the Linear Communication model and how it recognizes (or doesn’t recognize) the concept of feedback. The message flows in a straight line from sender […] This model is more focused on public speaking than interpersonal communication. In a private conversation with a trusted friend, you would share more personal information or details about your weekend or vacation, for example, than in a conversation with a work … Communication Models What is a Model A model is widely used to depict any idea, thought or a concept in a more simpler way through diagrams, pictorial representations etc. Simply put, the Interactive Model takes the Linear Model and multiplies it times two with a quick flip of the return message. Communication models are not complex enough to truly capture all that takes place in a communication encounter, but they can help us examine the various steps in the process in order to better understand our communication and the communication of others. Different models that follow linear model … There is no concept of feedback. However, the 8 communication models listed in this article are central models of communication that highlight how communication occurs. This model depicts face-to-face interaction, or “trans-action” as a dynamic and changeable process that is not limited to simple definition. The message is the verbal or nonverbal content being conveyed from sender to receiver. No insults. There many types of a communication models that are used today in our society. Aristotle Model of Communication is formed with … The message flows in a straight line from sender to the receiver. Models of Communication Linear Communication Model Lasswell’s Model Aristotle’s Model Berlo’s SMCR Model Transactional Model Interactive Model Schramm’s Model White’s Model Barlund’s Model Shannon & Weaver Model 3. He explains how a child learns to communicate and the child grows up and continues to communicate. Models go a long way in making the understanding of any concept easy and clear. This can be done in many ways: during face-to-face verbal interaction, over the telephone, through printed materials (letters, newspapers, etc. This can and should be regarded as a mark of the enduring value of these models in highlighting key elements of that process for students who are taking the process apart for the first time. Different models that follow linear model of communication are: In transactional model, senders and receivers both are known as communicators and both play equally important role in communication. The original model was designed to mirror the functioning of radio and telephone technologies. Transactional … The distinct model he propounded was known as Dance Model. As always, we encourage to to share your comments and questions. Communication Models and Theories Simplest model of communication reflects the work of Shannon and Weaver. This cite is referenced for discussion of communication. We always learn more when we learn as a group. Nevertheless, let’s look at the basic ones; Linear Model; In this model of communication, it is only the sender/communicator who sends the message to the receiver. Communication models can sometimes encourage traditional thinking and stereotyping but can also omit some major aspects of human communication. Communication models help identify and understand the components and relationship of the communication process being studied. [7] These first studies on communication’s models promoted more researches on the topic. In Aristotle’s model, the speaker sent message and the audience receive it. You might want to have our glossary handy, or you might want to head to The Communication Process article for a quick review. Throw in some noise, and it would be a wonder whether any message is conveyed successfully in this environment. 3. That is the Interactive Model. It sounds more confusing than it is. There is no concept of feedback. The first part of the first sentence in the article reads “Today we’re going to be discussion” like this. People can exchange their views and ideas. The Communication Model Once a message has been encoded, the next level in the communication process is to transmit or communicate the message to a receiver. See more ideas about communication, effective communication, communication process. The first major model for communication came in 1948 by Claude Elwood Shannon and published with an introduction by Warren Weaver for Bell Laboratories. However, there is a channel for delivering the message. Different models that follow interactive model of communication are: In 1967, Dance made a communication model based on a helix known as helical model. I welcome corrections please. Thanks. Yeah have been really helped… Linear model of communication is a simple one way communication model. They act as stimulant for the researchers and students of communication. MC, Looking to improve your English and Communication skills? Models represent new ideas and thought on various aspects of communication which helps us to plan for effective communication system. Please comment with your real name using good manners. A message is sent and received, then the roles reverse. Copyright © 2020 The Communication Process. MODELS OF COMMUNICATION Page 1 ARISTOTLE’S MODEL OF COMMUNICATION: Aristotle, a great philosopher initiated the earliest mass communication model. Sep 14, 2013 - Explore Anita Webb's board "Models of Communication" on Pinterest. Linear Model of Communication. In simple terms, it is one-way communication. Sally Models of communication have evolved significantly since Shannon and Weaver first proposed their well- known conceptual model over sixty years ago. It now allows for a feedback element because after a message is encoded and sent to the decoding receiver, the roles then reverse and the receiver encodes and sends a response to the original sender who has now turned receiver. Linear Model of Communication It is a simple one way communication model. Models of communication 1. Aristotle’s Model is a linear communication model which was made for public speaking. Do you think each gravitate towards a certain kind of communication. Shannon and Weaver were the first to present the Linear Model of Communication in 1949′s The Mathematical Theory of Communication. The Transactional Model becomes more sophisticated yet. Oral communication. 2. Transactional model I. Different types of communication models based on linear model of communication are: Aristotle’s Model. It is very helpful to more. Today we’re going to be discussing the Three (3), , but before we hop into it, you should be sure that you are up to speed with your communication terminology. Suffice to say that this theory has become less relevant in inverse proportion to the advances of communication technology, specifically non-linear forms of electronic communication where it’s not always clear who is the sender and who is the receiver. Their initial model consisted of three primary parts: sender, channel, and receiver. There are three general types of communication models in which all other communication models are mostly categorized. He proposed the model before 300 B.C and found the importance of audience role in the communication chain. Linear Model views communication as a one-way process in which the speaker speaks and the listener listens. Interactive model III. I think we should put something like a walkie – talkies where can’t talk at the same time. Microlecture on The 3 Models of Communication: The Linear Model, The Interactive Model, and The Transactional Model 1. One of the most useful models for understanding public speaking is Barnlund’s transactional model of communication. This is either face-to-face or over the phone/video conferencing, etc. The Linear Communication Model. or the above types models are the same as the ones I have mentioned? I agree to an extent and that is the “noise” that can, and frequently does, complicate interpretation. According to this model, there is no means for immediate feedback. Traditionally speaking, there are three standard models of the communication process: Linear, Interactive, and Transactional, and each offers a slightly different perspective on the communication process. In the Transactional Model, receiver and sender can play the same roles simultaneously, as sometimes happens, as messages can be sent back and forth simultaneously. How can we say that sms and emails are examples of interactive mode. In communication models, the participants are the senders and/or receivers of messages in a communication encounter. There are many theories within communication studies (see for example: media richness theory, relational dialectics theory, muted group theory). Shannon and Weaver Model of Communication The first major model for communication was introduced by Claude Shannon and Warren Weaver for Bell Laboratories in 1949. The earliest model primarily involved the transfer of information from one person to another. Through a model one can easily understand a process and draw conclusions from it. (a) Objects of orientation (X 1 ... X) in the sensory field of the receiver (B) are transmitted directly to him in abstracted form (XZ ... X 3) after a process of selection from among all Xs, such selection being based at least in part on the needs and problems of B. Westley and MacLean’s model explains the difference between interpersonal and mass communication as feedback. Thanks for the article. Are Shramm, Shanon, Aristotles mode of communication? Today we’re going to be discussing the Three (3) Models of Communication, but before we hop into it, you should be sure that you are up to speed with your communication terminology. Most speculation on these matters admits, in one way or another, that the communication theorist’s task is to answer as clearly as possible the question, … Envision an exchange of text messages whereby your friend sends you a message and you respond to it. Communication Models Communication Models are conceptual models used to explain the human communication process. How does the source or the sender transfer his information to the recipient ? Sally Curtis Written communication, in the form of emails, letters, reports, memos and various other documents. They form general perspectives on communication by breaking communication from complex to simple and keeps the components in order. Linear model II. Types Models of Communication Aristotle’s Persuasion Model: The Business Communication model produced by Greek Philosopher Aristotle is popularly known as the “Aristotle’s Persuasion Model”. It is straight-line communication found typically in mass communication; think television, radio, newspapers, etc. Methods and channels of communication to be used and the purpose of communication, must be considered before choosing a specific communication model. Communication models are systematic representations of the process which helps in understanding how communication works can be done. Models of Communication Models of communication are conceptual models used to explain the human communication process. The source in other words also called the sender is the one from whom the thought originates. The same thing happens during a telephone call, or even an email exchange. Linear Models of Communication Aristotle’s Rhetorics -­‐ Where the first communication model is attributed Key points: Ethos – source credibility Pathos-­‐ understanding audiences Logos-­‐ pertains to message, design and strategy Speaker Speech Audience 3. Communication - Communication - Models of communication: Fragmentation and problems of interdisciplinary outlook have generated a wide range of discussion concerning the ways in which communication occurs and the processes it entails. We’re going to discuss more about these two in our imminent Theories of Communication article. ), The art of listening- How to be the person everyone wants to talk to. It may have a physical, social, or cultural aspect to it. Models of Communication Kriztine rosales-­‐viray 2. Non-verbal feedback like gestures, body language, is also considered as feedback in this model. Different models that follow transactional model of communication are: Interactive model or convergence model is similar to transactional model as they are both two way communication model. Transactional model relates communication with social reality, cultural up-bringing and relational context (relationships). It is done with the help of communication skills, Attitude, Knowledge, Social System and Culture. They are basic theories concerning the elements of communication and how they operate and interact. It appears chaotic and ineffective, but sometimes communication is just that. As mentioned, we’re going to touch upon these three models of communication in a future article where we shall go further into communication theory and some of the major influencers in the field of communications over the past few decades. Also, be sure to sign up for email/RSS updates (in the right sidebar) and link to our work on your favorite social media and forums. A third type of communication, also commonly used but often underestimated is non-verbal communication, which is by using gestures or even simply body movements that are made. Sign up for a FREE account at one of the leading online schools in the world! Context: This is the setting and situation in which communication takes place. An encoded message sent from the sender or the speaker to the person receiving the encoded message. Communication SkillsAn individual must poss… We teach the same models of communication today that we taught forty years ago. But please i have a question. Feedback can be direct in interpersonal communication whereas indirect in mass communication. Linear model of communication is a simple one way communication model. These too could send various signals to the other party and is an equally im… There are three general types of communication models in which all other communication models are mostly categorized. For example, when you say “Hello!” to your friend, you are sending a message of greeting that will be received by your friend. 2 There are four main categories or communication styles including verbal, nonverbal, written and visual: 1. According to this model, communication starts from the environment and not when the message is spoken or shown. Models are used by business companies and other firms to foster their communication, explore their options and to evaluate their own situations. Model consists of a sender, a message, a channel where the message travels, noise or interference and a receiver. It is also used to understand how the receivers will interpret the message. Communication depends on previous experiences and activities of the speaker according to this model. He is the one who transfers the information to the receiver after carefully putting his thoughts into words. Interesting. Thank you so much, this has been a great help to me. Communication today is mainly of three types 1. Past Tense Do, Morrisons Washing Up Liquid Price, Gippy Grewal Twitter, Hero Honda Pleasure Metal Body Or Fibre Body, Dremel Bits Explained, " />

models of communication

The only task that a receiver does here is to receive the message. What connections do you think that this has to do with nonlinear and linear communicators? Cite this article as: businesstopia, "Models of Communication," in, https://www.businesstopia.net/communication. The model was made to establish a propaganda. But, interactive model is mostly used for new media like internet. Models show the process metaphorically and in symbols. Types of Communication Model. You might want to have our glossary handy, or you might want to head to The, Essential Theory for Excellent Communication, Getting to Know Yourself- How changing the voice in your head can instantly make everything better, How to Use Formal Communication in the Workplace (The Right Way! Thanks for reading! The purpose of a “model” is to offer a visual representation of a concept with the intent of facilitating the understanding of it. ), or through visual media (television, photographs). Don't waste time. Communication models are visualizations of communication process. Thank you so much i appreciate. For example; physical noise or external noise which are environmental distractions such as poorly heated rooms, startling sounds, appearances of things, music playing some where else, and someone talking really loudly near you. Get a verified writer to help you with Models of Communication. Communication Model Terms as provided by Rothwell (11-15): Noise; interference with effective transmission and reception of a message. Week one of a Managerial and Business Communication class. Because I think in this model there is immediate feedback but the sender wait for the receiver and vice versa. Types of Model of Communication. In this section, you will learn about three models of communication: I. 3 basic components that are part of all communication models: SOURCE MESSAGE RECEIVER S -----> M -----> R (linear) Aristotle’s model of communication The only task that a receiver does here is to receive the message. It is mostly used in mass communication. Click Here. The transmission model of communication describes communication as a one-way, linear process in which a sender encodes a … Some or all messages are transmitted in more than one sense (X3m, for example). Traditionally speaking, there are three standard models of the communication process:  Linear, Interactive, and Transactional, and each offers a slightly different perspective on the communication process. Is that setting a good example for an article on communication? I like the “messy” face to face transactional communication as it is far harder to be misinterpreted. An overview of some communication basics, including three common communication models: Action, Interactive, and Transactional. Models of Communication 2. There is no feedback from the receiver. Like noise, context can have an impact on the successful exchange of information. Here, people can respond to any mass communications like videos, news, etc. The message flows in a straight line from sender to the receiver. They are theories that are necessary to know for communication studies students as they help you understand the key components that make up communication in the 21st Century. Models are pictorial representation of communication … The linear model’s behavior is belied by its name, where a sender encodes a message via a channel and the message is decoded by the receiver. What then is d similarities between transactional mode and linear, that was a very simple and well elaborated explanation.Thanks team, especially on the Transactional mode, it was once confusing but ts all fine now, you have simple grammar and your explaination are clearly understood how i wish you would give and explain more communication models and please send to my email written below .. thank you the website is awesome. There’s a bit of a debate about the Linear Communication model and how it recognizes (or doesn’t recognize) the concept of feedback. The message flows in a straight line from sender […] This model is more focused on public speaking than interpersonal communication. In a private conversation with a trusted friend, you would share more personal information or details about your weekend or vacation, for example, than in a conversation with a work … Communication Models What is a Model A model is widely used to depict any idea, thought or a concept in a more simpler way through diagrams, pictorial representations etc. Simply put, the Interactive Model takes the Linear Model and multiplies it times two with a quick flip of the return message. Communication models are not complex enough to truly capture all that takes place in a communication encounter, but they can help us examine the various steps in the process in order to better understand our communication and the communication of others. Different models that follow linear model … There is no concept of feedback. However, the 8 communication models listed in this article are central models of communication that highlight how communication occurs. This model depicts face-to-face interaction, or “trans-action” as a dynamic and changeable process that is not limited to simple definition. The message is the verbal or nonverbal content being conveyed from sender to receiver. No insults. There many types of a communication models that are used today in our society. Aristotle Model of Communication is formed with … The message flows in a straight line from sender to the receiver. Models of Communication Linear Communication Model Lasswell’s Model Aristotle’s Model Berlo’s SMCR Model Transactional Model Interactive Model Schramm’s Model White’s Model Barlund’s Model Shannon & Weaver Model 3. He explains how a child learns to communicate and the child grows up and continues to communicate. Models go a long way in making the understanding of any concept easy and clear. This can be done in many ways: during face-to-face verbal interaction, over the telephone, through printed materials (letters, newspapers, etc. This can and should be regarded as a mark of the enduring value of these models in highlighting key elements of that process for students who are taking the process apart for the first time. Different models that follow linear model of communication are: In transactional model, senders and receivers both are known as communicators and both play equally important role in communication. The original model was designed to mirror the functioning of radio and telephone technologies. Transactional … The distinct model he propounded was known as Dance Model. As always, we encourage to to share your comments and questions. Communication Models and Theories Simplest model of communication reflects the work of Shannon and Weaver. This cite is referenced for discussion of communication. We always learn more when we learn as a group. Nevertheless, let’s look at the basic ones; Linear Model; In this model of communication, it is only the sender/communicator who sends the message to the receiver. Communication models can sometimes encourage traditional thinking and stereotyping but can also omit some major aspects of human communication. Communication models help identify and understand the components and relationship of the communication process being studied. [7] These first studies on communication’s models promoted more researches on the topic. In Aristotle’s model, the speaker sent message and the audience receive it. You might want to have our glossary handy, or you might want to head to The Communication Process article for a quick review. Throw in some noise, and it would be a wonder whether any message is conveyed successfully in this environment. 3. That is the Interactive Model. It sounds more confusing than it is. There is no concept of feedback. The first part of the first sentence in the article reads “Today we’re going to be discussion” like this. People can exchange their views and ideas. The Communication Model Once a message has been encoded, the next level in the communication process is to transmit or communicate the message to a receiver. See more ideas about communication, effective communication, communication process. The first major model for communication came in 1948 by Claude Elwood Shannon and published with an introduction by Warren Weaver for Bell Laboratories. However, there is a channel for delivering the message. Different models that follow interactive model of communication are: In 1967, Dance made a communication model based on a helix known as helical model. I welcome corrections please. Thanks. Yeah have been really helped… Linear model of communication is a simple one way communication model. They act as stimulant for the researchers and students of communication. MC, Looking to improve your English and Communication skills? Models represent new ideas and thought on various aspects of communication which helps us to plan for effective communication system. Please comment with your real name using good manners. A message is sent and received, then the roles reverse. Copyright © 2020 The Communication Process. MODELS OF COMMUNICATION Page 1 ARISTOTLE’S MODEL OF COMMUNICATION: Aristotle, a great philosopher initiated the earliest mass communication model. Sep 14, 2013 - Explore Anita Webb's board "Models of Communication" on Pinterest. Linear Model of Communication. In simple terms, it is one-way communication. Sally Models of communication have evolved significantly since Shannon and Weaver first proposed their well- known conceptual model over sixty years ago. It now allows for a feedback element because after a message is encoded and sent to the decoding receiver, the roles then reverse and the receiver encodes and sends a response to the original sender who has now turned receiver. Linear Model of Communication It is a simple one way communication model. Models of communication 1. Aristotle’s Model is a linear communication model which was made for public speaking. Do you think each gravitate towards a certain kind of communication. Shannon and Weaver were the first to present the Linear Model of Communication in 1949′s The Mathematical Theory of Communication. The Transactional Model becomes more sophisticated yet. Oral communication. 2. Transactional model I. Different types of communication models based on linear model of communication are: Aristotle’s Model. It is very helpful to more. Today we’re going to be discussing the Three (3), , but before we hop into it, you should be sure that you are up to speed with your communication terminology. Suffice to say that this theory has become less relevant in inverse proportion to the advances of communication technology, specifically non-linear forms of electronic communication where it’s not always clear who is the sender and who is the receiver. Their initial model consisted of three primary parts: sender, channel, and receiver. There are three general types of communication models in which all other communication models are mostly categorized. He proposed the model before 300 B.C and found the importance of audience role in the communication chain. Linear Model views communication as a one-way process in which the speaker speaks and the listener listens. Interactive model III. I think we should put something like a walkie – talkies where can’t talk at the same time. Microlecture on The 3 Models of Communication: The Linear Model, The Interactive Model, and The Transactional Model 1. One of the most useful models for understanding public speaking is Barnlund’s transactional model of communication. This is either face-to-face or over the phone/video conferencing, etc. The Linear Communication Model. or the above types models are the same as the ones I have mentioned? I agree to an extent and that is the “noise” that can, and frequently does, complicate interpretation. According to this model, there is no means for immediate feedback. Traditionally speaking, there are three standard models of the communication process: Linear, Interactive, and Transactional, and each offers a slightly different perspective on the communication process. In the Transactional Model, receiver and sender can play the same roles simultaneously, as sometimes happens, as messages can be sent back and forth simultaneously. How can we say that sms and emails are examples of interactive mode. In communication models, the participants are the senders and/or receivers of messages in a communication encounter. There are many theories within communication studies (see for example: media richness theory, relational dialectics theory, muted group theory). Shannon and Weaver Model of Communication The first major model for communication was introduced by Claude Shannon and Warren Weaver for Bell Laboratories in 1949. The earliest model primarily involved the transfer of information from one person to another. Through a model one can easily understand a process and draw conclusions from it. (a) Objects of orientation (X 1 ... X) in the sensory field of the receiver (B) are transmitted directly to him in abstracted form (XZ ... X 3) after a process of selection from among all Xs, such selection being based at least in part on the needs and problems of B. Westley and MacLean’s model explains the difference between interpersonal and mass communication as feedback. Thanks for the article. Are Shramm, Shanon, Aristotles mode of communication? Today we’re going to be discussing the Three (3) Models of Communication, but before we hop into it, you should be sure that you are up to speed with your communication terminology. Most speculation on these matters admits, in one way or another, that the communication theorist’s task is to answer as clearly as possible the question, … Envision an exchange of text messages whereby your friend sends you a message and you respond to it. Communication Models Communication Models are conceptual models used to explain the human communication process. How does the source or the sender transfer his information to the recipient ? Sally Curtis Written communication, in the form of emails, letters, reports, memos and various other documents. They form general perspectives on communication by breaking communication from complex to simple and keeps the components in order. Linear model II. Types Models of Communication Aristotle’s Persuasion Model: The Business Communication model produced by Greek Philosopher Aristotle is popularly known as the “Aristotle’s Persuasion Model”. It is straight-line communication found typically in mass communication; think television, radio, newspapers, etc. Methods and channels of communication to be used and the purpose of communication, must be considered before choosing a specific communication model. Communication models are systematic representations of the process which helps in understanding how communication works can be done. Models of Communication Models of communication are conceptual models used to explain the human communication process. The source in other words also called the sender is the one from whom the thought originates. The same thing happens during a telephone call, or even an email exchange. Linear Models of Communication Aristotle’s Rhetorics -­‐ Where the first communication model is attributed Key points: Ethos – source credibility Pathos-­‐ understanding audiences Logos-­‐ pertains to message, design and strategy Speaker Speech Audience 3. Communication - Communication - Models of communication: Fragmentation and problems of interdisciplinary outlook have generated a wide range of discussion concerning the ways in which communication occurs and the processes it entails. We’re going to discuss more about these two in our imminent Theories of Communication article. ), The art of listening- How to be the person everyone wants to talk to. It may have a physical, social, or cultural aspect to it. Models of Communication Kriztine rosales-­‐viray 2. Non-verbal feedback like gestures, body language, is also considered as feedback in this model. Different models that follow transactional model of communication are: Interactive model or convergence model is similar to transactional model as they are both two way communication model. Transactional model relates communication with social reality, cultural up-bringing and relational context (relationships). It is done with the help of communication skills, Attitude, Knowledge, Social System and Culture. They are basic theories concerning the elements of communication and how they operate and interact. It appears chaotic and ineffective, but sometimes communication is just that. As mentioned, we’re going to touch upon these three models of communication in a future article where we shall go further into communication theory and some of the major influencers in the field of communications over the past few decades. Also, be sure to sign up for email/RSS updates (in the right sidebar) and link to our work on your favorite social media and forums. A third type of communication, also commonly used but often underestimated is non-verbal communication, which is by using gestures or even simply body movements that are made. Sign up for a FREE account at one of the leading online schools in the world! Context: This is the setting and situation in which communication takes place. An encoded message sent from the sender or the speaker to the person receiving the encoded message. Communication SkillsAn individual must poss… We teach the same models of communication today that we taught forty years ago. But please i have a question. Feedback can be direct in interpersonal communication whereas indirect in mass communication. Linear model of communication is a simple one way communication model. These too could send various signals to the other party and is an equally im… There are three general types of communication models in which all other communication models are mostly categorized. For example, when you say “Hello!” to your friend, you are sending a message of greeting that will be received by your friend. 2 There are four main categories or communication styles including verbal, nonverbal, written and visual: 1. According to this model, communication starts from the environment and not when the message is spoken or shown. Models are used by business companies and other firms to foster their communication, explore their options and to evaluate their own situations. Model consists of a sender, a message, a channel where the message travels, noise or interference and a receiver. It is also used to understand how the receivers will interpret the message. Communication depends on previous experiences and activities of the speaker according to this model. He is the one who transfers the information to the receiver after carefully putting his thoughts into words. Interesting. Thank you so much, this has been a great help to me. Communication today is mainly of three types 1.

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