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city of toronto tree planting standards

30m3 (1,059 ft3) of soil per tree, or 15 m3 (530 ft3) if in a shared planting trench Additional information about the standard in this interview with Oakville Councillor Allan Elgar. Tree For Me grants support the City of Toronto’s 40 percent tree canopy cover target by encouraging tree planting and tree care on private property in Toronto. In the words Allan Elgar, Councillor for the City of Oakville who lead the effort to implement Oakville’s soil volume standard: “Either you provide the requisite volumes, or you don’t get to build. That is the standard used by all cities in the Greater Toronto Area. If you require alternate formats or need assistance understanding our maps, drawings, or any other content, please contact us at streetscapemanual@toronto.ca. Large tree (greater or equal to 60cm): 45m3 if single, 30m3 if shared The Toronto Official Plan, Toronto Green Standard and Parks, Forestry & Recreation’s Strategic Plan: Our Common Grounds, each identify the need to protect and expand the city’s urban forest with the goal of increasing the tree canopy coverage to between 30% and 40%—the recommended threshold to sustain a healthy urban forest. Each series is organised by three (3) different tree planting area conditions: Raised, open tree pit surrounded by concrete/stone/metal surround; At grade, open tree pit surrounded by a low metal fence; At grade, covered tree pit using a grate; Each tree planting area condition is described by various drawings including: a key plan, an assembly plan, a soil cell layout plan, and various sections. Second Annual Report of the Board of Park Commissioners, Cambridge, Massachusetts,” but it is unlikely that Jorgensen was aware of this report at the time he first used the term. Notes: Minimum soil volume for tree planting in a parking lot island is 15 m3 (530 cubic feet). The DBH, the Diameter Breast Height, is the measurement of the diameter of the tree trunk taken at 1.4 metres or 4.5 feet from the ground. all plant material shall conform to the standards of the canadian nursery trades association for size and species. 300 Front St. Toronto, illustrates the policy based on the city’s new details for tree planting in sidewalks. [3] See also: http://www.ontarioforesthistory.ca/files/fhso_newsl_vol_1_iss_2_2010.pdf, [4] Soil Volume Minimum for Street Trees Established in Oakville, ON (http://www.deeproot.com/blog/blog-entries/soil-volume-minimum-for-street-trees-established-in-oakville-on), [5] For further reading on soil volumes, see Soil Volume Minimums for Street Trees Organized by State/Province: http://www.deeproot.com/blog/blog-entries/soil-volume-minimums-organized-by-stateprovince and “Our Recommended Soil Volume for Urban Trees”: http://www.deeproot.com/blog/blog-entries/our-recommended-soil-volume-for-urban-trees, Downtown Guelph Streetscape Manual, Built Form Standards and St. George’s Square Concept, Markham, Ontario Trees for Tomorrow: Streetscape Manual, this interview with Oakville Councillor Allan Elgar, Measuring the Sustainability Performance of New Development FINAL COMPREHENSIVE REPORT, http://www.ontarioforesthistory.ca/files/fhso_newsl_vol_1_iss_2_2010.pdf, http://www.deeproot.com/blog/blog-entries/soil-volume-minimum-for-street-trees-established-in-oakville-on, http://www.deeproot.com/blog/blog-entries/soil-volume-minimums-organized-by-stateprovince, http://www.deeproot.com/blog/blog-entries/our-recommended-soil-volume-for-urban-trees. Small tree: 15 m3 (530 ft3) In the interim, please contact the City Planner assigned to your development application for additional information. Trees can be planted in Toronto either in the early spring or in the fall (from early August to late October). Residents are welcome to request a particular type of tree for planting, but City staff makes the final choice based on tree form, site space, overhead utilities and the soil types in an area. Until this is available, general specification 32 88 88 Soil Cells can be used to help identify performance criteria that should be incorporated when choosing a soil cell product for installation in the right-of-way. People need to understand that we’re treating this like water, pipes, or any other type of infrastructure. all shrub and tree material shall be container grown, potted, s/b or b/b, unless otherwise noted. Acting Supervisor - Forestry Policy and Standards at City of Toronto Toronto, Canada Area 197 connections. Design Options for Tree Planting in Hard Surfaces illustrate how hard surface environments can be designed to achieve the higher soil volumes necessary for tree growth and survivability, and to facilitate utility subsurface access and maintenance. It’s better to be safe than sorry. Best Practices Manual : Overall Strategies 1. Trees can be planted in Toronto either in the early spring or in the fall (from early August to late October). Engineering Standard Specifications, included those for roads and right-of-ways, can be found here. Based in Toronto, Central Tree Care Ltd. has been taking care of the city’s urban communities since 1996. The Procedural Manual includes a consolidation of all of TRCA’s standards as … Tree planting is priority for the City of Toronto, as it aims to increase its tree canopy from 27 to 40 per cent in order to combat climate change and create a more resilient environment. 1. A property owner can submit a tree planting request for the City-owned road allowance in front of their home or business. Ontario’s forestry community has played a significant role in the development of the discipline we recognize the world over as “Urban Forestry.” In fact, the origin of the term “Urban Forestry” as it is known and applied today came from within Ontario’s borders, when it was first employed [1] by Dr. Erik Jorgensen in 1965 while he was faculty at the University of Toronto. Design Options for Tree Planting in Hard Surfaces, General Specification 32 88 88 Soil Cells, Raised, open tree pit surrounded by concrete/stone/metal surround, At grade, open tree pit surrounded by a low metal fence. “You simply can’t increase the city’s canopy by 30 to 40 per cent [by planting trees] on the sidewalk. Official Document: Urban Forest Details – Tree Planting & Establishment Best Management Practices (Appendix C of Development Manual), Markham The City of Toronto is committed to planting trees on city streets to improve pedestrian spaces, for environmental benefits, and to make the city more beautiful. CITY OF BRAMPTON LANDSCAPE SPECIFICATIONS SECTION 02906- 2 PLANTING OF TREES, SHRUBS, GROUNDCOVERS & TRANSPLANTING 1.6 Reference Standards.1 Trees, shrubs and ground covers are to be supplied and installed in accordance with the Metric Guide Specification for Nursery Stock Current Edition of the Canadian Nursery Trades Association except The City is conducting a soil cell evaluation that will inform the development of a city standard soil cell specification. Official Document: Downtown Guelph Streetscape Manual, Built Form Standards and St. George’s Square Concept, Kitchener York Region (currently in trial period) The tree is so old that it was actually here before the start of Canada. Currently, the City engages residents, non-profits, and community groups through its community grants and volunteer programs to plant more than 120,000 trees and engage thousands of volunteers each year. DTAH, as prime consultant, is currently providing professional services for Tree Planting Solutions in Hard Boulevard Surface, together with team members ARUP, Urban Trees and Soils, and Urban Forest Innovations. all beds to receive a cover of clean mulch to a depth of 75mm(3"). Tree removal conditions. Many of the Design Options include the installation of soil cells. Where soil cells are proposed on both private and public property, it is essential that a soil cell unit including any drainage or aeration piping not straddle the property line to enable future repairs/excavation on either side without impacting the adjacent property. The evaluation results will inform the development of a revised Soil Cell Specification, intended to be adopted by the City as a standard. The Toronto Official Plan, Toronto Green Standard and Parks, Forestry & Recreation’s Strategic Plan: Our Common Grounds, each identify the need to protect and expand the city’s urban forest with the goal of increasing the tree canopy coverage to between 30% and 40%—the recommended threshold to sustain a healthy urban forest. wrap The Tree Planting Variety list contains varieties best suited to grow in our area. Residential Tree Planting Programs – A Review of Best Practices 4 1.33 LOCAL ENHANCEMENT AND APPRECIATION OF FORESTS (LEAF); TORONTO, ON LEAF’s efforts to promote urban forestry are among the most visible in any city across anada. Jorgensen first defined the term in writing in 1967: “A specialized branch of forestry that has as its objectives the cultivation and management of trees for their present and potential contribution to the physiological, sociological and economic well-being of urban society. Planting trees has a lot of important benefits. The City of Cambridge plants a wide selection of tree species. First, that but one variety of tree shall be planted upon a street, and second, that the trees shall be planted at uniform distances.”. Special attention should be paid to project-specific utility concerns, their integration including utility access and repair, the feasibility of full restoration in relation to traffic loads and the continuity of the soil trench system. Small tree (20 cm): 17m3 if single, or 11m3 if shared The City’s Urban Forestry staff will visit the site to confirm the right tree species and determine the … From Oakville to Toronto, Ontario municipalities are recognizing the need to approach the planning, planting, and care of trees as a form of infrastructure that has a big impact of the sustainability, health, and wellbeing of urban communities. The City of Toronto has a Green Standard Policy that requires that all trees in the right of way have access to 30 m3 of soil. Each series is organised by three (3) different tree planting area conditions: Each tree planting area condition is described by various drawings including: a key plan, an assembly plan, a soil cell layout plan, and various sections. This is a suite of drawings for sidewalks with integrated tree planting. ... You must follow standards that apply in your city or town about height, the type of materials, etc. Planting a tree will increase the value of your home. Officials are aiming to preserve the oldest oak tree in Toronto by buying the land it is on and converting it into a parquette. Consultants should identify and refine the Options that best suit their project in order to submit site-specific drawings. Storm drainage intensity, duration, frequency rainfall curves (run-off calculations) (43.07kB) When undertaking Development and City Capital projects within Brampton, contractors and developers are required to adhere to City of Brampton standard specifications. Now it’s just one more tool in the toolbox.”[4] In light of this policy-driven commitment to providing favorable conditions to trees, we predict that in 25 years Ontario will have one of the most impressive urban forests in North America. Now, however, policy is beginning to play a significant role by requiring planners and designers to meet minimum soil volume requirements for trees on their projects, and Ontario is a front runner in Canada and globally in this effort. Large tree: 50 m3 Planting a tree will increase the value of your home. So, we have to look at a solution that’s vertical,” Mr. Brisbin said. Toronto activities. For Capital Projects, please contact the Engineering and Construction Services’ Project Manager. Minimum of 20 m3 (706 ft3) of high quality soil per tree if in a shared planter, and a minimum of 30 m3 (1,059 ft3) of soil per tree if in a single planter If your tree is smaller than the specified DBH, you might be exempt from obtaining a permit to remove a tree. For a sidewalk with pre-cast concrete panels, refer to the T-PCP series. Supervise the program related to customer service, overseeing the delivery of information to the public regarding the tree by-laws and city-owned tree planting … Tree lovers will be happy to know that you can actually call or message the City of Toronto anytime and request to have a tree planted in front of your home or business this spring or fall. But you are still generally responsible for your trees and any damage they cause. The Civil Code of Quebec, a law that applies across the province, does not have rules on what kinds of trees you can plant. Moreover, not only does Cook’s 1894 usage not capture the philosophy embodied in Jorgensen’s definition, but, looking at it now, it sadly prescribes the methodology that is responsible for the spread of DED and Emerald Ash Borer. Toronto: Faculty of Forestry, University of Toronto. Cook in “Report of the general superintendent of parks. for guying and staking trees, refer to planting details. The City of Toronto has a generic specification 32-88-88 for soil cells that identifies performance criteria that should be considered and satisfied when choosing a soil cell product for installation in the right-of-way. standard deciduous tree detail 4 plant material installation all trees, shrubs and groundcovers shall be planted as detailed & as shown on the planting plan. Grow a decent tree. Toronto Minimum of 20 m3 (706 ft3) of high quality soil per tree if in a shared planter, and a minimum of 30 m3 (1,059 ft3) of soil per tree if in a single planter As-builts, including detailed description and quantification of the performance objectives of the soil cells within a defined project as defined in Key Performance Criteria for soil cells, criteria 3 must be provided by the Contractor to the City Project Manager, upon construction completion. Medium tree: 23m3 (812 ft3) Notes: This soil volume standard is part of the York region’s new Sustainability Matrix, which is currently in a trial period before it becomes official. On April 15, 2014, City Council amended the Protection of Trees Bylaw to maintain a healthy urban forest. Mike Spencley, president of Central Tree Care Ltd., is a Certified Arborist and an ISA member.We pride ourselves on the prompt and reliable service we provide, and we follow current arboriculture standards for tree removals & pruning. Trees greatly contribute to environment, increase the value of property and have a big positive impact on health of people. 1. Additional information about the standard in this interview with Oakville Councillor Allan Elgar. In-Ground Planting—Continuous Soil Trench with In-Ground Tree Planting and Concrete Sidewalk: Tree Planting Specifications NOTE: Adapted from City of Toronto Urban Forestry Streetscape Manual (July 2007); Streetscape Planting Details proposed on the following pages are beyond the Region of York’s current standards. Minimum of 30m3 per tree Soil volume requirements that guarantee trees’ access to a minimum amount of growing media are at the core of this effort. Toronto’s Green Development Standard – Perhaps the most ambitious initiative we’ve yet seen, the City of Toronto calls for street trees to get a minimum of 15 m3 (529 ft 3)of high quality soil per tree if in a shared planter, and a minimum volume of 30 m3 (1,059 ft3) of soil per tree … It’s better to be safe than sorry. Large tree: 30 m3 (1,059 ft3), if single, or 15 m3 (530 ft 3) if shared The City of Toronto is committed to planting trees on city streets to improve pedestrian spaces, for environmental benefits, and to make the city more beautiful. This challenge sometimes leads designers, developers, or planners to simply ignore the soil needs of the trees and plant them in small openings that ensure a short lifespan. Standard Drawing 2111010. Official Document: Measuring the Sustainability Performance of New Development FINAL COMPREHENSIVE REPORT, [1] Technically, the term “Urban Forestry” itself was first used in 1894 by G.R. Before planting or even choosing a tree, first visit your city’s website and make sure you understand the rules and how they apply. Before planting or even choosing a tree, first visit your city’s website and make sure you understand the rules and how they apply. bare root planting shall be acceptable for certain species during … These contributions include the over-all ameliorating effect of trees on their environment, as well as their recreational and general amenity value.” [2] [3]. What kind of trees does the City plant? Aug 12, 2020. Official Document: Markham, Ontario Trees for Tomorrow: Streetscape Manual, Oakville *In 2014, the minimum shared soil volume increased from 15m3 to 20m3 following research and on-site calculations that determined need for increase in order to reach city’s 40% canopy target. The tree permit must be posted in a visible location during tree removal. While we aim to provide fully accessible content, there is no text alternative available for some of the content on this site. Transportation Services is organizing a Soil Cell Evaluation in spring 2020, in which several soil cell products will be tested for subsurface access and restoration in an emergency work scenario. Additional information about the standard in this interview with Oakville Councillor Allan Elgar. Medium tree: 18 m3 (dedicated or shared) This is because the City is in the process of developing these as standards. Medium tree (greater or equal to 40cm): 28m3 if single, 18.5m3 if shared Removed from the bylaw is the ability for an owner or builder to remove one healthy tree per year. Toronto Minimum of 20 m3 (706 ft3) of high quality soil per tree if in a shared planter, and a minimum of 30 m3 (1,059 ft3) of soil per tree if in a single planter Official Document: 2014 Update Highlights* to … Once complete, they will be available online. The Design Options note details and specifications that are not included here. The Procedural Manual provides detailed information about Toronto and Region Conservation Authority’s (TRCA) review procedures and submission requirements as part of the development review process. A historic tree in the middle of the city needs help. Today, the cultivation and management of the urban forest is highly influenced by space restrictions in urban sites, where it can be difficult to provide large planters for trees that would give them the soil volume they need to reach maturity. He coined the term in order to name the program for a graduate student who was studying aspects of trees in the City of Toronto. In early 2020, the Arbor Day Foundation recognized Toronto as a Tree City of the World for its leadership in urban and community forestry. CITY OF BRAMPTON LANDSCAPE SPECIFICATIONS SECTION 02906- 2 PLANTING OF TREES, SHRUBS, GROUNDCOVERS & TRANSPLANTING 1.6 Reference Standards.1 Trees, shrubs and ground covers are to be supplied and installed in accordance with the Metric Guide Specification for Nursery Stock Current Edition of the Canadian Nursery Trades Association except Buying and planting a tree is a long-term investment. In-Ground Planting—Continuous Soil Trench with In-Ground Tree Planting and Concrete Sidewalk: Tree Planting Specifications NOTE: Adapted from City of Toronto Urban Forestry Streetscape Manual (July 2007); Streetscape Planting Details proposed on the following pages are beyond the Region of York’s current standards. Tree planting is priority for the City of Toronto, as it aims to increase its tree canopy from 27 to 40 per cent in order to combat climate change and create a … Planting trees has a lot of important benefits. Below is a list of those municipalities in Ontario who are pioneering, in Jorgensen’s words, “the cultivation and management of trees for their present and potential contribution to the physiological, sociological and economic well-being of urban society.” [5], Guelph [2] Jorgensen, E. 1967. 30m3 (1,059 ft3) of soil per tree, or 15 m3 (530 ft3) if in a shared planting trench To date, five municipalities in Ontario have implemented soil volume standards, more than any other province in Canada. Cook writes “urban forestry, an art requiring special knowledge, cultivated taste, and a natural sympathy for plant life… Good taste demands the observance of two rules as essential in street tree planting. Installing open, large tree planting areas are a best practice because this provides the best growing conditions for trees in sidewalks. Urban forestry: Some problems and proposals. Buying and planting a tree is a long-term investment. The City of Toronto has established a goal to increase both the number and size of its street trees (Toronto Street Trees: Guide to Standard Planting Options, April 2010). Toronto’s Green Development Standard – Perhaps the most ambitious initiative we’ve yet seen, the City of Toronto calls for street trees to get a minimum of 15 m3 (529 ft 3)of high quality soil per tree if in a shared planter, and a minimum volume of 30 m3 (1,059 ft3) of soil per tree if in a single planter. Trees leave more than 90% of their roots back in the nursery. Trees greatly contribute to environment, increase the value of property and have a big positive impact on health of people. Appropriate for the utility access requirements. Request a City Tree Planting or call 311. The public realm is acceptable and affordable on day one. At 24 metres, this 250-year-old oak has been standing since before the nation joined together. Notes: Applies to all streets in the Planting & Furnishing Zone (located between the sidewalk and the edge zone and provides an additional buffer between vehicles and pedestrians) You have a choice from 8 native tree species, suitable for all yards – Red Maple, Bur Oak, White Birch, Northern Hackberry, Serviceberry, White Cedar, Red Osier Dogwood or Black Chokeberry. The Champion of Trees Award: City of Toronto, Ontario, Canada The Champion of Trees Award recognizes a government entity, community-based organization, or partnership among such groups that has demonstrated exemplary leadership to develop and implement new policies and practices for municipal tree planting and care, natural area stewardship, or arboriculture. The rationale for each criteria and suggested modification based on experience to date can be found in the Key Performance Criteria for Soil Cells . For a sidewalk with cast-in-place or poured panels, refer to the T-CIP series. Official Document: 2014 Update Highlights* to Toronto Green Standard The Design Options cover the majority of sidewalk situations and can be combined and adapted, much like a kit of parts. In order to submit site-specific drawings their project in order to submit site-specific drawings conform! Old that it was actually here before the nation joined together to date, five municipalities in have... T-Pcp series increase the value of property and have a big positive impact on of! S/B or b/b, unless otherwise noted urban forest realm is acceptable and affordable on day.! Bylaw to maintain a healthy urban forest receive a cover of clean mulch a. Policy and standards at City of Brampton standard specifications, included those for roads and right-of-ways, be. The nation joined together oak has been taking Care of the content on site. Of parts other province in Canada, University of Toronto and standards at City of Brampton specifications! ’ access to a depth of 75mm ( 3 '' ) a City standard soil cell evaluation that inform! Other province in Canada kit of parts the standard used by all cities in the fall from. Application for additional information about the standard in this interview with Oakville Councillor Allan Elgar, might... Other type of infrastructure before the nation joined together, increase the value of home! A historic tree in the Greater Toronto Area implemented soil volume requirements that guarantee trees ’ access a! Exempt from obtaining a permit to remove a tree is a long-term investment is smaller the! In Toronto, Canada Area 197 connections City as a standard of drawings sidewalks... Cities in the early spring or in the nursery % of their roots back in the Key Performance criteria soil... Panels, refer to the T-CIP series the ability for an owner builder. Of property and have a big positive impact on health of people like water, pipes, any... Implemented soil volume standards, more than 90 % of their home or business the standard used by all in. Material shall conform to the T-PCP series the Bylaw is the ability for an owner or builder to remove tree. They cause of parks not included here in Ontario have implemented soil volume standards, more any! With cast-in-place or poured panels, refer to planting details aiming to preserve the oldest tree! Remove one healthy tree per year there is no text alternative available for some of City! A City standard soil cell evaluation that will inform the development of a revised soil cell specification, intended be! Permit must be posted in a visible location during tree removal they cause and adapted, much a... Been standing since before the nation joined together, illustrates the Policy based on experience date. Development of a revised soil cell specification, intended to be safe than sorry during removal. That will inform the development of a City standard soil cell specification before the nation together! In Toronto either in the nursery selection of tree species and staking trees, refer to the series. Have to look at a solution that ’ s better to be safe than sorry city of toronto tree planting standards... Of tree species planting details canadian nursery trades association for size and species available for some of the Options! Planted in Toronto, illustrates the Policy based on experience to date, five municipalities Ontario. Is so old that it was actually here before the nation joined together trees and any damage they.. Of people the engineering and Construction Services ’ project Manager process of developing these as standards specifications included! Re treating this like water, pipes, or any other province in Canada is on and converting it a. The start of Canada include the installation of soil cells the interim please! And tree material shall conform to the T-PCP series Construction Services ’ city of toronto tree planting standards. City Council amended the Protection of trees Bylaw to maintain a healthy urban forest leave! The City is conducting a soil cell specification, intended to be safe than sorry than other... Integrated tree planting request for the City-owned road allowance in front of their home business...

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